General bullying

boy runningUK Government research

Anti-Bullying Alliance research

Research produced by ABA members

UK based research

  • The impact of pupil behaviour and wellbeing on educational outcomes, Childhood Wellbeing Research Centre and the Institute of Education: This report examines how various dimensions of children's wellbeing are associated with their educational outcomes, including a review of relevant literature and an analysis using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC).  The analysis of ALSPAC data investigates the association between dimensions of wellbeing at ages 7 to 13 and concurrent and later educational outcomes at ages 11 to 16, including academic achievement and school engagement. The report examines the effects of bullying on children's wellbeing. Full report [Download: Pdf 724.45Kb]  Research Brief [Download: Pdf 204.25Kb]
  • Still vulnerable: the impact of early childhood experiences on adolescent suicide and accidental death:
  • John Devaney and others. Published by NICCY, 2012. This report, commissioned and published by the Northern Ireland Commissioner for Children and Young People (NICCY), was written by Queen's University Belfast and NSPCC. It deals with how to support and protect young people at risk of suicide and includes the issue of bullying. The report makes several general recommendations about intervention and prevention. [Download: Pdf 1.10Mb]
  • No child with cancer left out: the impact of cancer on children's primary school education, CLIC Sargent:
  • This report summarises research which shows that a cancer diagnosis can have a significant impact on a child's primary school education. The report aims to raise awareness of the impact of cancer on children's primary school education, highlight existing good practice and suggest ways forward. 61% of the CLIC Sargent health and social care professionals who were surveyed said emotional issues are a key consideration for primary school age children who are diagnosed with cancer. Common causes of anxiety or distress include bullying. Over a third of the parents who responded to the survey reported that their child had experienced teasing or bullying as a result of the effects of their  treatment. These effects might include hair loss or weight gain due to steroids. Brothers and sisters can also experience bullying and isolation because of their sibling's cancer diagnosis and treatment. [Download here : Pdf 2.85Mb]
  • MCC and Chance to Shine survey on bullying in sport:

    In a survey of parents, two-thirds (66%) of 1,010 parents of children aged eight to 16 polled say they witness different forms of mental intimidation while watching their children play sport. More than two fifths of parents (42%) say their child lost confidence after being bullied on the playing field, a fifth feel their child was reluctant to take part in sport as a result of the mind games; while one in 10 parents reports that their child gave up at least one sport entirely as a result. In a separate survey of 1,250 children, aged eight to 16, 68% say they see verbal abuse during school matches and over half (51%) admit to being a victim of teasing, taunts and threats on the sports field. The majority (55%) also witness physical violence, with a quarter of children seeing a team mate deliberately tripped, kicked or pushed over. According to the research, three fifths of children feel unable to tell anyone about the bullying.  Asked 'why not?', a number of children say they were 'too scared' or that there was 'no point'.  Bullying in school sport - parents' survey and Bullying in school sport - children's survey are available on the href="">Chance to Shine website.

International research

  • Cuadrado-Gordillo, Isabel. Repetition, power imbalance, and intentionality: do these criteria conform to teenagers' perception of bullying?: a role-based analysis. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol.27, no.10, July 2012, pp.1889-1910. Looks at adolescents' perceptions of bullying and the different forms it takes in a sample of 2295 teenagers with a focus on three criteria: repetition, power imbalance, and intentionality. Looks at whether these perceptions vary according to whether the teen is in the role of victim, aggressor, or witness in a bullying situation. Some modes of bullying were seen as typical teen social interactions, depending on the adolescent's role as aggressor, victim or witness. Article available to purchase from Sage Journals
  • Dieter Wolke and others. Bullied by peers in childhood and borderline personality symptoms at 11 years of age: a prospective study:
  • Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Vol. 53, no. 8, pp.846-855, August 2012. This study explored the prospective association between peer victimisation and borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms. Results suggest that children who are bullied by their peers in primary school have an increased risk for developing BPD during childhood. The authors conclude that clinicians should be adequately trained to deal with, and ask users of mental health services routinely about, adverse experiences with peers.Article available from Wiley Online
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